Charles 1st (27.3.1625 - 30.1.1648/9)
This page was last updated on: November 20, 2017 12:22 PM
The Royal Farthing Tokens of Charles 1st
In August 1623, Lennox was created Duke of Richmond and Lennox but he died six months later. The patent for farthings then passed jointly to his widow Frances, Dowager Duchess of Richmond and Sir Francis Crane, director of the Mortlake Tapestry Works. In 1634, the patent passed jointly to Lord Maltravers (Henry Howard) and Sir Francis Crane. These two persons were also responsible for the changeover to the Rose farthings in March 1635/6. The production of Rose farthings ended about December 1644.
Charles 1st Strips Of Farthings.
Richmond issues (1625 - 1634). 9 sub-types:
With Single-arched Crowns:
1a. CARO over IACO. Eagle-headed harp. BMC 116 - 121.
1b. CARA spelling errors. BMC 122 - 133.
1c. CARO. Eagle-headed harp. Colon stops. BMC 134 - 194.
1d. CARO. Eagle-headed harp. Apostrophe stops. BMC 195 - 198.
1e. CARO. Beaded harp. BMC 199 - 200.
1f. Scroll-fronted harps. Apostrophe stops. 5 jewels. BMC 201 - 202.
1g. Similar but 7 jewels. BMC 203 - 206.
1h. Uncut strips. BMC 207 - 227.
With Double-arched Crowns:
2. Apostrophe stops. BMC 228 - 229.
Maltravers Farthings (1634 - 1635)
These all have inner rings and CAROLVS, which distinguish them from the Richmonds.
There are 3 types :
3a. Privy mark (= pm) on Obverse only. BMC 230 - 233.
3b. Same pm on both sides. BMC 234 - 254.
3c. Different pm on each side. BMC 255 - 267.
OVALS (Richmond and Maltravers)
Richmond Ovals. All with single-arched crowns, CARO, FRA. 3 types:
4a. Obverse pm is Cross. BMC 268 - 274.4b. Obverse pm is not Cross or Rose. BMC 275 - 281.4c. Obverse pm is Rose. BMC 282 - 285.Maltravers Ovals. With double-arched crowns, CAROLVS, FRAN. One type :5. Legend includes CAROLVS and FRAN. BMC 286 - 287.
|BMC 273||Type 4a. pm Cross and pellet, obverse only. MA BRI. GF or better||£50.00|
|BMC 276||Type 4b. pms none/Martlet. GF, rare||£75.00|
|BMC 282||Type 4c. pms Double rose/none. 5/5 jewels. Scroll harp. Fine, rare||£18.00|
ROSE Farthings (1636 - 1644).
3 main types, several sub-types:
1. Double Rose on reverse. Sceptres through crown. Double-arched crowns on both sides.
2. Single Rose on reverse. Sceptres through crown. Single-arched crowns on both sides.
3. Single rose on reverse. Sceptres lie below the crown.
For types 1 and 2, sub-types are as follows:
1a. Sceptres inside circle. BRIT. BMC 288 - 298.
1b. Sceptres just cross inner circle. BRIT. BMC 299 - 30
1c. Sceptres nearly to the edge of the coin. BRIT. BMC 305 - 310.
1d. BRI. BMC 311 - 318.1/2. Transitional mules combining types 1 and 2. BMC 319 - 326.
2a. FRAN HIB. CAROLVS MAG. BMC 327 - 329.
2b. FRAN HIB. CAROLV MA. BMC 330 - 334.
2c. FRA HIB. CAROLVS MAG. BMC 335.
2d. FRA HIB. CAROLV MA. BMC 336.
2e. FRA HI. CAROLVS MAG. BMC 337 - 338.
2f. FRA HI. CAROLV MA. BMC 339 - 345.
2g. FRA HI. CAROLV MAG. BMC 346.
2h. FR HI. CAROLV MA. BMC 347.
For Type 3, all very rare, sub-types are:
3a. Handles of sceptres with bosses. BMC 348 - 349.
3b. No bosses. CAROLV MAG BR. / FRA HIB. BMC 350 - 351.
3c. No bosses. CAROLV MAG BR. / FR HIB. BMC 352.
3d. No bosses. CAROLV MA BRI. / FRA HIB. BMC 353.
3e. No bosses. CAROLV MA BRI. / FR HIB. BMC 354.
3f. (Not in Peck) No bosses. CAROLV MA BR. / FRA HIB.
3g. (Not in Peck) No bosses. CAROLV MA BR. / FRA HI.